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5 edition of Phonetics and phonology of tense and lax obstruents in German found in the catalog.

Phonetics and phonology of tense and lax obstruents in German

by Michael Jessen

  • 295 Want to read
  • 9 Currently reading

Published by J. Benjamins in Amsterdam, Philadelphia .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • German language -- Phonetics.,
  • German language -- Phonology.,
  • German language -- Tense.,
  • Phonetics, Experimental.

  • Edition Notes

    Includes bibliographical references (p. [347]-378) and indexes.

    StatementMichael Jessen.
    SeriesStudies in functional and structural linguistics,, v. 44
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsPF3135 .J47 1998
    The Physical Object
    Paginationxx, 394 p. :
    Number of Pages394
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL382333M
    ISBN 101556198957
    LC Control Number98044719

      We label the tense vowels as [+tense] and the lax vowels as [-tense]. There’s a full chart of features for the segments of English presented below, but don’t be intimidated by it. A feature matrix is just a more organized way of presenting the information that you already learned about phonetic : Catherine Anderson. In English, tense vowels tend to be long, while lax vowels are short. For instance, the tense vowel /i:/ in a word such as feet has a longer duration than the lax vowel / ɪ / in fit. But tense and lax vowels have other differences too. While tense vowels can occur in both open and closed syllables, lax vowels are restricted to closed syllables.

    Define obstruents. obstruents synonyms, obstruents pronunciation, obstruents translation, English dictionary definition of obstruents. adj. Obstructing or closing natural openings or passages of the body. n. 1. The Phonetic Alphabet • Spelling, or orthography, does not consistently represent the sounds of language • Some problems with ordinary spelling: – 1. The same sound may be represented by many letters or combination of letters: he people key File Size: KB.

    For example, the tense/lax distinction, contrastive lexical stress, and vocalic reduction (e.g., Burzio, ) might require more processing of vocalic information in English than in French. Phonetics and Phonology then, and then, and now1 John J. Ohala University of California, Berkeley, USA Phonetics attempts to describe and understand how speech is produced and perceived; phonology attempts to understand the patterning—in general, the behavior—of speech sounds in particular languages and in all languages.


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Phonetics and phonology of tense and lax obstruents in German by Michael Jessen Download PDF EPUB FB2

Contributes to the enterprise of increasing the ties between phonology and phonetics within linguistic theory. Coverage includes: a review of the phonetic literature that addresses how the tense/lax oposition is manifested in German; consideration of evidence from artuculatory phonetics; and :   Later it became the dominant view that voice onset time or laryngeal features are more reasonable alternatives.

However, based on a number of facts and arguments from current phonetics and phonology this book claims that the Jakobsonian feature tense was rejected prematurely. Among the theoretical aspects addressed, it is argued that an acoustic definition of distinctive features best captures the functional aspects of speech Author: Michael Jessen.

Phonetics and phonology of tense and lax obstruents in German. By Michael Jessen. (Studies in functional and structural linguistics, ) Amsterdam and Philadelphia: John Benjamins, Pp. xx, Hardcover. $ - Volume 13 Issue 3 - Ewa JacewiczCited by: 1. Knowing that the so-called voiced and voiceless stops in languages like English and German do not always literally differ in voicing, several linguists &#; among them Roman Jakobson &#; have proposed that dichotomies such as fortis/lenis or tense/lax might be more suitable to capture the invariant phonetic core of this by: Phonetics and Phonology of Tense and Lax Obstruents in German Michael Jessen Knowing that the so-called voiced and voiceless stops in languages like English and German do not always literally differ in voicing, several linguists — among them Roman Jakobson — have proposed that dichotomies such as fortis/lenis or tense/lax might be more suitable to capture.

Phonetics and phonology of tense and lax obstruents in German. Amsterdam ; Philadelphia: J. Benjamins, © (OCoLC) Material Type: Internet resource: Document Type: Book, Internet Resource: All Authors / Contributors: Michael Jessen.

Phonetics and Phonology of Tense and Lax Obstruents in German (review) Phonetics and Phonology of Tense and Lax Obstruents in German (review) Collischonn, Gisela.

BOOK NOTICES terms of traditional linguistics and the distinction between metaphor as meaning and metaphor as use. Chs. 4, 5, and 6 address metaphor as. "This book is unique for at least two reasons: it covers a wider range of topics in the area of German phonetics and phonology than many others, and it explicitly addresses the development of skills of the learner of German—again in a large variety of domains."—Richard Wiese, Institute for Germanic Linguistics, University of Marburg.

Although a feature such as tense/lax has been used in phonetic research for quite a long time, it has never managed to be accepted in the IPA notational sys-tem. Jones, in his famous Outline of English Phonetics ([]) notes that some specialists describe the difference between the long and short vowels ofCited by:   Key Difference – Lax vs Tense Vowels The English language has five vowels: a, e, i, o and vowels have the ability to represent a variety of sounds.

English phonology traditionally classifies these vowels into types known as lax and tense. The key difference between lax and tense vowels is that tense vowels are longer than the lax vowels of the same.

The German obstruents (stops and fricatives) occur in neatly matched pairs with two exceptions. There are three voiceless stops matched by three voiced stops, and there are five voiceless. fricatives, but there are only three voiced fricatives.

/x,h/ have no voiced counterparts. Phonetics and phonology of tense and lax obstruents in German. Amsterdam ; Philadelphia: J. Benjamins, © (DLC) (OCoLC) Material Type: Document, Internet resource: Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File: All Authors /.

In many Germanic languages, such as RP English, Standard German, and Dutch, tense vowels are longer in duration than lax vowels, but in Scots, Scottish English, and Icelandic, there is no such correlation.

Germanic languages have lax vowels generally only in closed syllables and so they are also called checked vowels. Eastern Andalusian Spanish neutralises consonants in coda, although despite the neutralisation of most coda consonants, phonemic value has only been given to vowels preceding deleted /s/.

The present paper expands on this traditional view and shows a more complex reality. is author/editor of the following title: Phonetics and Phonology of Tense and Lax Obstruents in German. Michael Jessen [Studies in Functional and Structural Linguistics, 44]   The contrast between tense and lax stops raises two theoretical problems.

First, to distinguish them either a new feature [tense] is needed, or the contrast in voicing (or aspiration) must be increased from two to three. Either way there is a large increase in the number of possible stops in the world's languages, Cited by: Phonetics and Sound Change • Phonetic considerations have long been hypothesized to play a central role in accounting for the nature of sound change.

• The Neogrammarian hypothesis: sound change is exceptionless and purely phonetically conditioned. – ‘sounds change not words’.File Size: KB. Tense and Lax ¥English phonology traditionally makes the distinction between tense and lax vowels ÐThis is not phonetically well-deÞned as a single characteristic ÐYou just need to learn which vowels are classed as tense and lax ¥This distinction based mainly on phonotactics ÐPhonotactics is the description of which sounds canFile Size: KB.

Phonation and laryngeal specification in American English voiceless obstruents - Volume 48 Issue 3 - Lisa Davidson Phonation and laryngeal specification in American English voiceless obstruents. Lisa Davidson (a1) Phonetics and phonology of tense and lax obstruents in German.

Amsterdam & Philadelphia, PA: John by: 6. In phonology, tenseness is a particular vowel quality that is phonemically contrastive in many languages, including English.

It has also occasionally been used to describe contrasts in consonants. Unlike most distinctive features, the feature [tense] can be interpreted only relatively, that is, in a language like English that contrasts i (e.g.

beat) and ɪ (e.g. bit), the former can be. Phonetics and Phonology of Tense and Lax Obstruents in German. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. ISBN Kim, Nam-Kil (). "Korean". In Bernard Comrie (ed.). The World's Major Languages. Oxford University Press. pp. – ISBN X. Ladefoged, Peter; Maddieson, Ian (). The Sounds of the World's Languages.

.The voiceless obstruents are said to be fortis or strong, and voiced obstruents correspondingly to be lenis or weak. Because of the frequent devoicing of German obstruents, in many situations it is the distinction between fortis.The study of linguistic sounds is called Phonetics.

Phonology is the study of systems of sounds, often the sound system of a particular language. Phonetics Linguistic sounds are produced by pushing air from the lungs out through the mouth, sometimes by way of the nasal cavity.